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Sonata for violin, grew out of a transcription of
the Clarinet sonata. While it might have seemed more logical to
transcribe it for viola, the change to a violin permitted the
exploration of the extreme high register. Over time, the structure of
the piece took on an individual character as well, with significant
modifications to the source material.
The sonata is
divided into six componant movements, the
entire sonata played without pause.
The opening Prélude consists of the exposition of the main themes - a rhapsodic opening,
and the lyrical barcarolle second theme. The development section
follows expanding on both initial themes before leading directly into
the toccata-like Scherzo.
Here the thematic material is distinguished by register shifts. Low
aggressive piano writing contrasts with the rapid violin part. The Trio
section alternates Lento passages with rapid figurations in the piano,
until the Presto opening material returns.
Follows the impressionist Nocturne,
which shifts delicately between thematic elements of both the first and
second themes of the sonata. A solo cadenza for the violin brings the
movement to its transition into the next movement - Tiento, structurally a mixture of
contrapuntal exposition and march-like rythmes.
The fourth movement is a slow, sad, Arioso movement.
The piano takes the lead, keeping the entire opening of the movement to
itself before the violin comes in. The Rondo finale works through all
the expressive material of the preceding movements in reverse order.